Plaque is a type of a colorless biofilm that grows naturally on the teeth. It is formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach itself to a smooth surface, which is the tooth. A recent research conducted by a group of scientists found a way to determine the build up of plaque in mouth.
Dental plaque can be classified in several different ways. Plaque is classified as supragingival or subgingival based on its relationship to the dental equipment gingival margin. Dental plaque can induce dental caries, or tooth decay, the localized destruction of tissues of the tooth by acidity caused by degradation of fermentable sugars by bacteria, and periodontal issues such as gingivitis and chronic periodontitis.
When plaque builds up it can turn into a mineral form commonly called tarter or calculus. These calcified deposits are responsible for many teeth and gum problems, including gingivitis, cavities and even tooth loss. And, unfortunately, the rough surface of tarter or calculus is the perfect surface for the formation of more dental curing light plaque and tarter. The microorganisms that create the biofilm are mainly strains of streptococcus mutans and anaerobes, with the distribution varying by the location within the mouth. Instances of such anaerobes include fusobacterium and actinobacteria.
Flossing is necessary to get to the harder to clean places such as the crevices between your teeth that cannot be reached by brushing alone. However, only a visit to your dentist can ensure enough plaque is removed so tarter does not form. However, failure to remove plaque by regular brushing means that they are allowed to build up dental air polisher in a thick stratum and would sooner or later lead to several visits to dentists Myrtle Beach has.
Tartar can form both below and above the gum line. It can form quickly or slowly. In certain patients tarter will form very fast and in others the process can be quite slow. It has been also hypothesized that plaque forms part of the defense mechanisms of the host by preventing colonization by microorganisms which can be pathogenic.